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  • Create Date February 8, 2022
  • Last Updated March 15, 2023


Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the
Incas whose empire was captured by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peru declared its independence in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces were defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump inthe late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his resignation in 2000.

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Peru 16.01.2023.docx.pdf
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